This conceptual domain aims at reflecting contemporary societal challenges and their interrelation with the development of civilizations. It adopts a multi-perspective view, both synchronic and diachronic, of the connections between the individual and society. Our understanding of the world is studied not as a passive relationship between the human mind and a pre-established reality but, rather, as a dynamic process which actively co-creates and defines this reality.
The axis also provides contexts for investigating individual and collective memory, as well as the nature of knowledge, norms, identity, power, ideology, and institutionalization.
A prominent research priority laid out by this axis is the use of language as a means of presenting, producing, and reproducing social relationships; other research areas respond to urgent socio-cultural and communication issues of the contemporary world. Topics pursued within this axis thus possess a significant potential for both basic and applied research.